A Revolution in Motorsport Simulations

Canopy Simulations provides lap time simulation, vehicle modelling and setup exploration in record time, using the power of cloud computing

Access Unparalleled Expertise

We are the only simulation supplier in Formula One, and the leading supplier to Formula E. We have over 35 years’ experience in the biggest Formula One teams. We also supply many other series including OEMs and regulatory bodies.

Gain Lap Time, Faster

Use our scalable compute cloud to run large-scale multi-dimensional studies in minutes, while our cutting edge vehicle model will ensure your car is simulated with unprecedented accuracy.

Cut Your Costs

With Canopy Simulations you’ll get an in-depth understanding of your car’s performance in a fraction of the time, and at a fraction of the cost, of a typical in-house solution.

We built the state-of-the-art, so you don’t have to

At Canopy Simulations we observed that team after team will re-invent the same simulation technology, with varying degrees of success. We realised that we could end the wasteful “not invented here” mentality, and get vehicle dynamicists back to focusing on what they do best; finding lap time.

We combined our decades of expertise to create the most advanced car model, simulations and data analysis tools yet seen in Formula One or any other motorsport division. Then we unleashed their true potential using the power of cloud computing.

The Canopy Platform has been built around these tools, enabling anyone to leapfrog the competition to have best-in-class simulation capability at a fraction of the cost of developing in-house.

“I used to spend 90% of my time running simulations and only 10% thinking about performance. With Canopy, I spend 95% of my time thinking about performance.”

– Head of Vehicle Dynamics, Formula 1

“This is very, very good. By far better than anything else I’ve seen.”

– Formula 1 Engineer

“In solving the optimal control problem simultaneously with dynamic states, Canopy is a game changer in the quest for definitive lap-time responses to vehicle parameters, across widely varying types of cars and race tracks.”

– Principal Engineer, leading North American race series

“With a product of this quality on the market, it’s going to really shake things up.”

– Formula 1 Engineer

“It is an F1 quality product – it’s probably actually beyond that, it is disruptive technology.”

– Leading Circuit Designer

Canopy Platform Subscriptions

Light User

Our base subscription includes access to all of the platform’s core functionality.

Inclusive of 5000 Compute Credits per month, 120000 Storage Credits, and up to 6 available cloud nodes.

Medium/Heavy/Super User

These packages include greater numbers of Compute-Credits and Storage-Credits, and available cloud nodes.

We can also create a custom package based on your team’s individual requirements.


Optional Credit Roll-Over allows you to annualise your Compute Credits – great if your usage requirements will fluctuate. You can upgrade to 8-Nodes Always-On if you’ll be running lots of small studies simultaneously and will require faster execution times. Certain simulations require access to a Heavy Pool. We also offer use of the Canopy Vehicle Model in driver-in-the-loop applications, supplied in a compiled form, compatible with your simulator framework.

Our Simulations


The holy grail of lap simulation. A fully dynamic simulation with no driver model, achieving the maximum performance of the car, including all of its dynamics, without any assumptions about how it is driven.

Dynamic Lap solves every state of the car model at every point on the track simultaneously to give a dynamically consistent state trajectory which traverses the lap in minimum time subject to any number of algebraic or integral constraints on its behaviour.

With support for multiple laps, powertrain thermal and tyre thermal, Dynamic Multi-Lap allow you to optimise entire stints.


The computation of local sensitivities around the lap help us to evaluate complex engineering trade-offs. Additional vector outputs are computed for lift and drag coefficients, ride heights, mass, power and grip.

When we’re deciding whether to fit a component or make a setup change, we typically gain in some places, but lose in others. Secondary Lap Sensitivities allow you to identify where these gains and losses originate.


Working backwards from telemetry data, this simulation uses the vehicle model to estimate the value for channels which were not measured directly. It uses the quasi-static equilibrium of the car and an inverse tyre model to make these deductions.

Channel Inference doesn’t have to be run on track data; any lap simulation output can be staged as telemetry. In this way it is possible to look at the effect of small changes in car setup on balance.

For example if two inference sims are run with different rear anti-roll bar rising rates on the same telemetry we could examine delta rLatBalF in the results to see how this might affect car balance at particular points around the circuit.

While this is a simplification, because we wouldn’t achieve exactly the same vCar-gLat-gLong around the circuit after the setup change, it can be easier to interpret than a lap simulation, because the lap driven doesn’t change.


Despite being the traditional workhouse of simulation in Formula 1, Canopy have pushed forward the state of the art of simulation to such an extent that this is largely obsolete. This simulation finds the quasi-static equilibrium of the car at every point around the track which is consistent with the speed and acceleration of the points surrounding it.

Taking approximately 1min to simulate an average lap, this is one of the fastest (not to mention most high-fidelity) quasi-static lap simulations in the world. However, the majority of our customers prefer to wait another couple of minutes for the vastly improved realism obtained from Dynamic Lap.


Given a car and a track definition containing only the x-y coordinates of the track edges, Generate Racing Line will find the racing line which enables the given car to lap the track in the shortest time.


After correlating to track or rig data using Thermal Replay, the thermal dynamics of the tyre ribs, through thickness elements, wheels, and brakes can be computed.

Combined with the effect of temperature on grip and cornering stiffness, Dynamic Lap can find the optimal driving style to get the most out of the tyres. This allows us to make informed decisions regarding the thermal effect of setup changes.

Combined with strategy weights this tool can also be used to find tyre saving opportunities around the lap while maintaining a competitive advantage in places which are critical for overtaking.

This is a computationally demanding exercise with 250,000 unknowns, but thanks to the powerful cloud computing resources available, up to 200 laps can be computed in parallel in around 25 minutes.

This tyre thermal model can be run in real time in the driver-in-loop simulator so drivers experience the feedback effect of their driving on tyre temperature.


In order to speed up correlation to your measured powertrain or tyre temperatures this tool enables you to input telemetry data, run it through the thermal model, and examine your fit to track data.

In conjunction with explorations you can sweep through thousands of combinations of parameters in minutes to help you quickly dial in your correlation.

If you’re interested in powertrain temperatures and battery derating, then you can run these parameters through Dynamic Multi-Lap to perform a full stint energy and thermal optimisation. Alternatively if you are concerned about tyre temperatures, then this puts you in a good place to run Tyre Thermal Dynamic Lap.


Straight Sim is a straight-line simulation which finds the static equilibrium state (with no acceleration) of the car at a series of speeds from 0 to 100m/s.


Limit Sim is the cornering version of Straight Sim. User can customise the gLat-gLong angle for which quasi-static equilibrium is achieved. The simulation will then return the maximum cornering performance for the customised condition (e.g. late entry, mid corner, early exit…) through the speed range.


The car is run over a defined road profile by feeding the road heights into the four corners (wheels) of the car in continuous time.

The results show the dynamic response of the car to the given road profile, enabling analysis of contact patch load variation and exploration of how changes in damping and compliance will affect ride characteristics.


A fully dynamic simulation used for optimising pure straight line performance. Drag Sim accelerates, then brakes as hard as possible for a duration of 30seconds.


See it in Action

Frequently Asked Questions

We take the security of your data extremely seriously. All identifying company and user information is encrypted before being stored. Your passwords are securely hashed using the industry standard PBKDF2 hashing function. Your parameter information is stored in a dedicated database created just for your team. Your results are stored in a secure cloud storage container created solely for your team’s results. No user from outside your team, including Canopy itself, will see any of your data. No-one will even be able to see you are using our platform.


Our vehicle model implements only pure vehicle physics; all of the car-specific information is in the parameters, which are set by you, the user. Almost anything on a car which impacts the dynamics is represented in our model, and if required we can extend the model on request, even making those extensions exclusive to your team if desired. In short, if your car has four wheels it can be faithfully modeled on the Canopy Platform.


Yes, our vehicle model is a fully dynamic model which is more than capable of running in a driver-in-the-loop simulator at 1kHz which is the gold standard in professional motorsports. Running our vehicle model in your driver-in-the-loop simulator alongside your Canopy Platform subscription will give you an unparalleled ability to correlate your model, develop your car, and get feedback from your driver – all at record speed and with perfect alignment between offline and live simulations. We support Cruden, rFpro, vTAG, Speedgoat and more.